Research Will Help Seaweed Farming and Traditional Aquaculture
Resident Tina Anderson searches for kelp along the shoreline near the town of Sand Point, located on Popof Island south of the Alaska Peninsula.
Alaska Sea Grant has received new federal funds to help develop aquaculture projects in Alaska and to work with partners on regional and national priorities. It’s part of a $16 million award from National Sea Grant that will fund 42 collaborative aquaculture projects across the country.
Alaska Sea Grant and the Aleutians East Borough will partner on a project to launch a pilot seaweed farm near Sand Point on the Alaska Peninsula, with a $99,800 grant from National Sea Grant, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Melissa Good, Alaska Sea Grant’s Marine Advisory agent in Unalaska, will lead the project in coordination with Charlotte Levy of the Aleutians East Borough. Community members and high school students will receive training to help set up and run the farm.
Developing a seaweed or kelp industry is a priority for the region to help diversify an economy centered on commercial fishing and processing.
“This could be a valuable off-season opportunity for our fishermen to have supplemental income,” said Levy, natural resource assistant director for the Aleutians East Borough.
The region includes thousands of miles of pristine coastline and is ideal for kelp farming. It has naturally occurring kelp, a workforce with transferable skills and equipment, existing infrastructure and proximity to processing facilities, Levy said.
Charlotte Levy (center), with the Aleutians East Borough, and Allan Starnes (left), a Sand Point resident and commercial diver, conduct benthic site surveys off the fishing vessel Decision.
“Sand Point will be the first location, but other potential farm sites will be considered in communities like Akutan and False Pass,” said Good.
Alaska Sea Grant is also part of a new $587,000 grant to jump-start a cross-Pacific regional collaborative hub. The regional hub will integrate research, outreach and education on traditional indigenous aquaculture like fish ponds in Hawai‘i and clam gardens in the Pacific Northwest. Washington Sea Grant is leading the project, working with Alaska and Hawai‘i Sea Grant programs and others.
Aquaculture has the potential to increase local seafood production, strengthen community access to traditional and customary foods, and deepen collaborative engagement between Sea Grant and local communities. Aquaculture can also help communities adapt to climate change by enhancing their food security.
“We look forward to working with Alaska Native tribal partners and synthesizing cross-Pacific aquaculture practices,” said Ginny Eckert, acting director of Alaska Sea Grant.
Finally, Alaska Sea Grant is also a partner on a new $1 million initiative led by Connecticut Sea Grant to create a National Sea Grant “seaweed hub.” The goal is to nurture the successful growth of a domestic seaweed industry by removing barriers and promoting opportunities. The hub would serve as a central clearing house for science, information and other resources related to seaweed farming to help guide interested parties.
The nationwide economic benefit of Sea Grant’s investment in aquaculture in 2018 was $65 million, including sustaining or creating 841 jobs and 345 businesses. In 2019, Sea Grant employed or partially funded 111 professionals working on aquaculture around the country to study, communicate, identify needs or transfer research to industry members.
Alaska Sea Grant is part of the state of Alaska’s mariculture task force, an advisory group that works with state, federal, tribal, industry and other stakeholders to create a thriving mariculture economy in the state. The task force released a strategic plan in 2018 with recommendations for how Alaska could grow a mariculture industry worth $100 million by 2040.
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