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Employment Situation - September 2011

Nonfarm payroll employment edged up by 103,000 in September, and the unemployment 
rate held at 9.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The 
increase in employment partially reflected the return to payrolls of about 45,000 
telecommunications workers who had been on strike in August. In September, job gains
occurred in professional and business services, health care, and construction. 
Government employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 14.0 million, was essentially unchanged in 
September, and the unemployment rate was 9.1 percent. Since April, the rate has held 
in a narrow range from 9.0 to 9.2 percent. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (8.8 percent), 
adult women (8.1 percent), teenagers (24.6 percent), whites (8.0 percent), blacks 
(16.0 percent), and Hispanics (11.3 percent) showed little or no change in September. 
The jobless rate for Asians was 7.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, 
A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was 6.2 
million in September. These individuals accounted for 44.6 percent of the unemployed. 
(See table A-12.)

Both the labor force and employment increased in September. However, the civilian 
labor force participation rate, at 64.2 percent, and the employment-population ratio, 
at 58.3 percent, were little changed. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers) rose to 9.3 million in September. These individuals 
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were 
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In September, about 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
about the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had 
looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed 
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table 
A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged workers in September, 
down by 172,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached 
to the labor force in September had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table 
A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment edged up by 103,000 in September. Since April, payroll 
employment has increased by an average of 72,000 per month, compared with an average 
of 161,000 for the prior 7 months. In September, job gains occurred in professional 
and business services, health care, and construction. Government employment continued 
to trend down. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 48,000 over the month and 
has grown by 897,000 since a recent low in September 2009. Employment in temporary help 
services edged up in September; this industry has added 53,000 jobs over the past 3 
months. In September, employment growth continued in computer systems design and in 
management and technical consulting services.

Health care employment continued to expand in September, with an increase of 44,000. 
Within the industry, job gains occurred in ambulatory health care services (+26,000) 
and in hospitals (+13,000).

Construction employment increased by 26,000 over the month, after showing little 
movement since February. The over-the-month gain was due to employment increases in the 
nonresidential construction industries, which includes heavy and civil construction. 
Mining employment continued to trend up in September.

Employment in information was up by 34,000 over the month due to the return of about
45,000 telecommunications workers to payrolls after an August strike.

Manufacturing employment changed little in September (-13,000) and has been essentially 
flat for the past 2 months.

Within retail trade, employment declined in electronic and appliance stores (-9,000) 
in September. Employment in wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, financial 
activities, and leisure and hospitality changed little.

Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-34,000). The U.S. 
Postal Service continued to lose jobs (-5,000). Local government employment declined 
by 35,000 and has fallen by 535,000 since September 2008.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 
hour over the month to 34.3 hours following a decrease of 0.1 hour in August. The 
manufacturing workweek edged down by 0.1 hour in September to 40.2 hours. Factory 
overtime increased by 0.1 hour to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours 
in September. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
increased by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $23.12. This increase followed a decline of 
4 cents in August. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 
1.9 percent. In September, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees increased by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $19.52. (See tables 
B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +85,000 to 
+127,000, and the change for August was revised from 0 to +57,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday, November 4, 
2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Category Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Change from:
Aug.
2011-
Sept.
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,322 239,671 239,871 240,071 200

Civilian labor force

154,124 153,228 153,594 154,017 423

Participation rate

64.7 63.9 64.0 64.2 0.2

Employed

139,378 139,296 139,627 140,025 398

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.1 58.2 58.3 0.1

Unemployed

14,746 13,931 13,967 13,992 25

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.1 9.1 9.1 0.0

Not in labor force

84,198 86,443 86,278 86,054 -224

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.6 9.1 9.1 9.1 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.7 9.0 8.9 8.8 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

26.0 25.0 25.4 24.6 -0.8

White

8.7 8.1 8.0 8.0 0.0

Black or African American

16.1 15.9 16.7 16.0 -0.7

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.4 7.7 7.1 7.8 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.5 11.3 11.3 11.3 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

8.3 7.8 7.8 7.8 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

15.4 15.0 14.3 14.0 -0.3

High school graduates, no college

10.0 9.3 9.6 9.7 0.1

Some college or associate degree

9.1 8.3 8.2 8.4 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.5 4.3 4.3 4.2 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,286 8,215 8,203 8,121 -82

Job leavers

809 928 963 967 4

Reentrants

3,441 3,410 3,532 3,504 -28

New entrants

1,193 1,270 1,241 1,327 86

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,872 2,689 2,755 2,772 17

5 to 14 weeks

3,329 3,088 3,050 2,904 -146

15 to 26 weeks

2,364 1,965 2,239 2,086 -153

27 weeks and over

6,153 6,185 6,034 6,242 208

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

9,506 8,396 8,826 9,270 444

Slack work or business conditions

6,732 5,687 5,833 5,963 130

Could only find part-time work

2,478 2,517 2,736 2,852 116

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,256 18,258 18,208 18,308 100

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,548 2,785 2,575 2,511 -

Discouraged workers

1,209 1,119 977 1,037 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-29 127 57 103

Total private

109 173 42 137

Goods-producing

-6 53 -9 18

Mining and logging

6 9 2 5

Construction

-6 10 -7 26

Manufacturing

-6 34 -4 -13

Durable goods(1)

3 25 -8 -8

Motor vehicles and parts

-0.2 8.3 -6.4 0.3

Nondurable goods

-9 9 4 -5

Private service-providing(1)

115 120 51 119

Wholesale trade

1.5 0.3 2.8 -5.9

Retail trade

17.7 28.5 -0.8 13.6

Transportation and warehousing

8.3 -5.8 0.2 -1.9

Information

-10 -5 -51 34

Financial activities

0 -3 5 -8

Professional and business services(1)

8 39 38 48

Temporary help services

19.9 13.5 20.3 19.4

Education and health services(1)

19 54 38 45

Health care and social assistance

34.3 37.4 34.1 40.8

Leisure and hospitality

52 15 10 -4

Other services

20 -3 8 -3

Government

-138 -46 15 -34

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.2 34.3 34.2 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.70 $23.12 $23.08 $23.12

Average weekly earnings

$776.34 $793.02 $789.34 $793.02

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.2 93.8 93.6 94.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

99.8 103.5 103.0 103.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.7 -0.5 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.6 33.5 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.14 $19.49 $19.49 $19.52

Average weekly earnings

$641.19 $654.86 $652.92 $655.87

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.2 101.0 100.8 101.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

126.9 131.5 131.2 132.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

51.9 61.4 55.6 55.4

Manufacturing

49.4 60.5 48.8 46.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1) Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,322 239,871 240,071 238,322 239,313 239,489 239,671 239,871 240,071

Civilian labor force

153,854 154,344 154,022 154,124 153,693 153,421 153,228 153,594 154,017

Participation rate

64.6 64.3 64.2 64.7 64.2 64.1 63.9 64.0 64.2

Employed

139,715 140,335 140,502 139,378 139,779 139,334 139,296 139,627 140,025

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.5 58.5 58.5 58.4 58.2 58.1 58.2 58.3

Unemployed

14,140 14,008 13,520 14,746 13,914 14,087 13,931 13,967 13,992

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 8.8 9.6 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1

Not in labor force

84,468 85,528 86,049 84,198 85,620 86,069 86,443 86,278 86,054

Persons who currently want a job

5,949 6,493 5,929 6,236 6,227 6,537 6,575 6,493 6,241

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,433 116,453 116,559 115,433 116,156 116,250 116,347 116,453 116,559

Civilian labor force

81,845 82,612 82,011 82,165 81,989 81,966 81,751 81,975 82,123

Participation rate

70.9 70.9 70.4 71.2 70.6 70.5 70.3 70.4 70.5

Employed

73,959 75,190 74,821 73,594 74,177 74,014 73,908 74,122 74,364

Employment-population ratio

64.1 64.6 64.2 63.8 63.9 63.7 63.5 63.6 63.8

Unemployed

7,886 7,422 7,189 8,571 7,811 7,952 7,844 7,853 7,758

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.0 8.8 10.4 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.4

Not in labor force

33,588 33,842 34,549 33,268 34,168 34,284 34,596 34,478 34,436

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,887 107,884 107,994 106,887 107,566 107,668 107,773 107,884 107,994

Civilian labor force

79,081 79,362 79,224 79,289 79,193 79,104 78,906 79,043 79,227

Participation rate

74.0 73.6 73.4 74.2 73.6 73.5 73.2 73.3 73.4

Employed

71,978 72,795 72,796 71,559 72,137 71,937 71,836 72,015 72,276

Employment-population ratio

67.3 67.5 67.4 66.9 67.1 66.8 66.7 66.8 66.9

Unemployed

7,103 6,567 6,427 7,729 7,056 7,167 7,070 7,028 6,952

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.3 8.1 9.7 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8

Not in labor force

27,806 28,522 28,771 27,599 28,373 28,564 28,867 28,841 28,767

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,889 123,418 123,512 122,889 123,157 123,239 123,324 123,418 123,512

Civilian labor force

72,009 71,732 72,011 71,959 71,704 71,455 71,476 71,619 71,894

Participation rate

58.6 58.1 58.3 58.6 58.2 58.0 58.0 58.0 58.2

Employed

65,755 65,145 65,680 65,784 65,602 65,320 65,388 65,505 65,661

Employment-population ratio

53.5 52.8 53.2 53.5 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.1 53.2

Unemployed

6,254 6,587 6,331 6,175 6,102 6,134 6,088 6,114 6,233

Unemployment rate

8.7 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.7

Not in labor force

50,880 51,686 51,501 50,930 51,453 51,784 51,847 51,800 51,618

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,596 115,238 115,338 114,596 114,954 115,045 115,138 115,238 115,338

Civilian labor force

69,269 68,617 69,266 69,082 68,908 68,618 68,666 68,771 69,019

Participation rate

60.4 59.5 60.1 60.3 59.9 59.6 59.6 59.7 59.8

Employed

63,653 62,746 63,529 63,562 63,402 63,098 63,216 63,300 63,398

Employment-population ratio

55.5 54.4 55.1 55.5 55.2 54.8 54.9 54.9 55.0

Unemployed

5,616 5,870 5,737 5,520 5,505 5,520 5,450 5,472 5,622

Unemployment rate

8.1 8.6 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1

Not in labor force

45,327 46,622 46,072 45,514 46,047 46,427 46,472 46,467 46,318

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,839 16,749 16,739 16,839 16,792 16,776 16,760 16,749 16,739

Civilian labor force

5,504 6,365 5,532 5,754 5,592 5,698 5,656 5,779 5,770

Participation rate

32.7 38.0 33.1 34.2 33.3 34.0 33.7 34.5 34.5

Employed

4,084 4,794 4,177 4,256 4,240 4,299 4,244 4,312 4,352

Employment-population ratio

24.3 28.6 25.0 25.3 25.2 25.6 25.3 25.7 26.0

Unemployed

1,421 1,571 1,356 1,497 1,352 1,399 1,412 1,467 1,418

Unemployment rate

25.8 24.7 24.5 26.0 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6

Not in labor force

11,334 10,384 11,206 11,085 11,201 11,078 11,104 10,970 10,969

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age [Numbers in thousands] Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1) Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,391 193,236 193,365 192,391 192,877 192,989 193,106 193,236 193,365

Civilian labor force

125,273 125,146 124,812 125,333 124,811 124,493 124,503 124,563 124,702

Participation rate

65.1 64.8 64.5 65.1 64.7 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5

Employed

114,900 115,268 115,266 114,433 114,785 114,358 114,420 114,631 114,751

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.7 59.6 59.5 59.5 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

10,373 9,878 9,545 10,899 10,026 10,135 10,083 9,932 9,951

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.9 7.6 8.7 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.0 8.0

Not in labor force

67,118 68,090 68,553 67,058 68,066 68,496 68,603 68,673 68,662

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,424 65,335 65,290 65,579 65,335 65,203 65,099 65,105 65,269

Participation rate

74.6 74.0 73.9 74.8 74.2 74.0 73.8 73.7 73.9

Employed

60,102 60,714 60,648 59,759 60,168 59,943 59,929 60,108 60,235

Employment-population ratio

68.5 68.8 68.6 68.1 68.3 68.0 67.9 68.1 68.2

Unemployed

5,321 4,622 4,642 5,820 5,167 5,261 5,170 4,997 5,034

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.1 7.1 8.9 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.7 7.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,212 54,525 54,949 54,961 54,912 54,633 54,696 54,655 54,706

Participation rate

60.1 59.2 59.6 59.8 59.7 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.3

Employed

51,231 50,405 51,002 51,000 50,999 50,775 50,866 50,826 50,795

Employment-population ratio

55.8 54.7 55.3 55.5 55.5 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1

Unemployed

3,981 4,119 3,947 3,961 3,914 3,858 3,830 3,828 3,911

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.6 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,637 5,286 4,573 4,793 4,563 4,657 4,708 4,803 4,728

Participation rate

36.1 41.3 35.8 37.3 35.6 36.3 36.8 37.5 37.0

Employed

3,566 4,149 3,616 3,674 3,619 3,640 3,625 3,697 3,722

Employment-population ratio

27.8 32.4 28.3 28.6 28.2 28.4 28.3 28.9 29.1

Unemployed

1,071 1,137 956 1,119 945 1,017 1,083 1,106 1,006

Unemployment rate

23.1 21.5 20.9 23.3 20.7 21.8 23.0 23.0 21.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,794 29,158 29,193 28,794 29,063 29,093 29,123 29,158 29,193

Civilian labor force

17,716 18,083 18,051 17,777 17,750 17,733 17,582 17,930 18,103

Participation rate

61.5 62.0 61.8 61.7 61.1 61.0 60.4 61.5 62.0

Employed

14,891 15,011 15,186 14,920 14,870 14,855 14,786 14,941 15,209

Employment-population ratio

51.7 51.5 52.0 51.8 51.2 51.1 50.8 51.2 52.1

Unemployed

2,826 3,072 2,865 2,857 2,880 2,877 2,796 2,989 2,893

Unemployment rate

15.9 17.0 15.9 16.1 16.2 16.2 15.9 16.7 16.0

Not in labor force

11,078 11,075 11,142 11,017 11,313 11,360 11,541 11,229 11,091

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,017 8,207 8,108 8,066 8,056 8,111 8,044 8,151 8,146

Participation rate

68.7 68.9 68.0 69.1 68.0 68.3 67.7 68.4 68.3

Employed

6,699 6,790 6,830 6,661 6,645 6,736 6,680 6,682 6,774

Employment-population ratio

57.4 57.0 57.3 57.1 56.1 56.7 56.2 56.1 56.8

Unemployed

1,318 1,417 1,279 1,405 1,411 1,375 1,364 1,469 1,372

Unemployment rate

16.4 17.3 15.8 17.4 17.5 17.0 17.0 18.0 16.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,154 9,189 9,348 9,101 9,056 8,953 8,945 9,153 9,291

Participation rate

63.2 62.7 63.7 62.9 62.0 61.2 61.1 62.4 63.3

Employed

7,914 7,858 8,027 7,948 7,847 7,718 7,745 7,923 8,064

Employment-population ratio

54.7 53.6 54.7 54.9 53.7 52.8 52.9 54.0 54.9

Unemployed

1,239 1,331 1,320 1,152 1,210 1,235 1,200 1,230 1,227

Unemployment rate

13.5 14.5 14.1 12.7 13.4 13.8 13.4 13.4 13.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

545 687 595 611 638 669 594 626 665

Participation rate

20.6 26.6 23.1 23.1 24.5 25.8 22.9 24.2 25.8

Employed

277 363 329 310 378 402 361 335 371

Employment-population ratio

10.5 14.0 12.7 11.7 14.5 15.5 13.9 13.0 14.4

Unemployed

268 324 266 300 260 267 233 291 294

Unemployment rate

49.1 47.2 44.8 49.2 40.7 39.9 39.2 46.5 44.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,283 11,454 11,523 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,197 7,305 7,360 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.8 63.8 63.9 - - - - - -

Employed

6,734 6,788 6,784 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.3 58.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

463 517 577 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.4 7.1 7.8 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,087 4,149 4,162 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age [Numbers in thousands] Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1) Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,927 34,555 34,640 33,927 34,311 34,391 34,470 34,555 34,640

Civilian labor force

22,918 23,045 23,058 22,896 22,739 22,816 22,741 22,917 22,993

Participation rate

67.6 66.7 66.6 67.5 66.3 66.3 66.0 66.3 66.4

Employed

20,191 20,484 20,569 20,042 20,025 20,164 20,171 20,332 20,389

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.3 59.4 59.1 58.4 58.6 58.5 58.8 58.9

Unemployed

2,728 2,562 2,488 2,854 2,715 2,653 2,570 2,585 2,604

Unemployment rate

11.9 11.1 10.8 12.5 11.9 11.6 11.3 11.3 11.3

Not in labor force

11,009 11,510 11,582 11,031 11,571 11,574 11,728 11,638 11,647

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,121 13,118 13,112 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.0 82.0 81.7 - - - - - -

Employed

11,664 11,949 11,887 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.8 74.7 74.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,457 1,169 1,225 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.1 8.9 9.3 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,865 8,919 9,000 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.6 58.9 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

7,883 7,903 7,993 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.0 52.2 52.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

982 1,015 1,007 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.1 11.4 11.2 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

933 1,009 946 - - - - - -

Participation rate

28.7 29.6 27.7 - - - - - -

Employed

643 631 689 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.8 18.5 20.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

289 378 257 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

31.0 37.4 27.1 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment [Numbers in thousands] Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,834 11,662 11,840 11,828 11,442 11,392 11,704 11,664 11,738

Participation rate

46.7 46.7 46.9 46.7 45.1 45.0 46.9 46.7 46.5

Employed

10,143 10,115 10,303 10,003 9,757 9,768 9,952 10,002 10,092

Employment-population ratio

40.0 40.5 40.8 39.5 38.5 38.6 39.9 40.0 40.0

Unemployed

1,691 1,547 1,536 1,824 1,685 1,624 1,752 1,663 1,646

Unemployment rate

14.3 13.3 13.0 15.4 14.7 14.3 15.0 14.3 14.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,982 36,862 37,210 38,151 37,653 37,612 37,505 36,956 37,319

Participation rate

61.6 59.9 60.4 61.9 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.0 60.5

Employed

34,460 33,536 33,841 34,331 34,072 33,836 34,006 33,425 33,686

Employment-population ratio

55.9 54.5 54.9 55.7 54.6 54.5 54.9 54.3 54.7

Unemployed

3,521 3,327 3,369 3,820 3,581 3,775 3,499 3,531 3,632

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.0 9.1 10.0 9.5 10.0 9.3 9.6 9.7

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,988 37,132 37,172 37,115 36,780 36,786 36,686 37,013 37,164

Participation rate

70.3 69.4 69.5 70.5 69.7 69.8 68.9 69.2 69.5

Employed

33,750 33,969 34,072 33,746 33,852 33,708 33,657 33,975 34,031

Employment-population ratio

64.1 63.5 63.7 64.1 64.1 63.9 63.2 63.5 63.7

Unemployed

3,239 3,163 3,101 3,369 2,928 3,079 3,028 3,038 3,133

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.5 8.3 9.1 8.0 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,573 46,800 47,021 46,488 46,925 46,963 46,680 46,813 46,915

Participation rate

76.6 76.0 76.4 76.5 77.5 76.8 76.1 76.0 76.2

Employed

44,488 44,648 45,048 44,405 44,807 44,894 44,677 44,808 44,931

Employment-population ratio

73.2 72.5 73.2 73.0 74.0 73.4 72.9 72.7 73.0

Unemployed

2,084 2,152 1,973 2,083 2,118 2,069 2,003 2,005 1,985

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.6 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,933 21,528 20,142 19,724 1,791 1,804

Civilian labor force

11,683 11,310 10,590 10,200 1,093 1,109

Participation rate

53.3 52.5 52.6 51.7 61.0 61.5

Employed

10,746 10,394 9,743 9,393 1,003 1,002

Employment-population ratio

49.0 48.3 48.4 47.6 56.0 55.5

Unemployed

937 916 847 808 90 108

Unemployment rate

8.0 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.2 9.7

Not in labor force

10,250 10,218 9,552 9,524 698 695

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,228 2,451 1,828 2,042 399 409

Civilian labor force

1,857 2,017 1,575 1,712 282 305

Participation rate

83.3 82.3 86.1 83.8 70.6 74.7

Employed

1,666 1,781 1,411 1,521 256 260

Employment-population ratio

74.8 72.7 77.1 74.5 64.1 63.7

Unemployed

190 235 164 191 26 45

Unemployment rate

10.2 11.7 10.4 11.1 9.2 14.7

Not in labor force

371 434 254 330 117 104

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,966 2,980 2,525 2,520 441 460

Civilian labor force

2,515 2,474 2,199 2,147 316 327

Participation rate

84.8 83.0 87.1 85.2 71.7 71.1

Employed

2,347 2,295 2,057 1,987 289 308

Employment-population ratio

79.1 77.0 81.5 78.9 65.6 67.0

Unemployed

169 179 142 160 27 19

Unemployment rate

6.7 7.2 6.4 7.4 8.6 5.7

Not in labor force

451 506 326 373 125 133

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,911 10,346 10,547 10,016 364 331

Civilian labor force

3,984 3,491 3,870 3,405 115 86

Participation rate

36.5 33.7 36.7 34.0 31.5 26.0

Employed

3,649 3,256 3,545 3,177 104 79

Employment-population ratio

33.4 31.5 33.6 31.7 28.6 23.9

Unemployed

336 235 325 229 10 7

Unemployment rate

8.4 6.7 8.4 6.7 9.1 8.0

Not in labor force

6,927 6,855 6,677 6,610 250 245

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,828 5,751 5,241 5,146 587 605

Civilian labor force

3,326 3,328 2,946 2,936 380 392

Participation rate

57.1 57.9 56.2 57.1 64.8 64.7

Employed

3,084 3,062 2,730 2,707 354 354

Employment-population ratio

52.9 53.2 52.1 52.6 60.4 58.6

Unemployed

242 266 216 229 26 37

Unemployment rate

7.3 8.0 7.3 7.8 6.9 9.5

Not in labor force

2,502 2,423 2,295 2,210 207 213

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,224 209,678 90,661 92,251 116,563 117,427

Civilian labor force

140,190 140,784 70,272 70,876 69,918 69,908

Participation rate

67.7 67.1 77.5 76.8 60.0 59.5

Employed

127,552 128,657 63,543 64,737 64,009 63,920

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.4 70.1 70.2 54.9 54.4

Unemployed

12,638 12,127 6,728 6,139 5,909 5,988

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.6 9.6 8.7 8.5 8.6

Not in labor force

67,034 68,894 20,390 21,375 46,645 47,519

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,380 27,355 211,942 212,716

Civilian labor force

5,698 5,770 148,156 148,252

Participation rate

21.6 21.1 69.9 69.7

Employed

4,854 4,843 134,860 135,659

Employment-population ratio

18.4 17.7 63.6 63.8

Unemployed

844 927 13,296 12,593

Unemployment rate

14.8 16.1 9.0 8.5

Not in labor force

20,682 21,585 63,786 64,464

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,591 2,614 75,484 75,322

Participation rate

35.7 34.7 82.7 82.4

Employed

2,198 2,135 68,236 68,879

Employment-population ratio

30.3 28.3 74.7 75.3

Unemployed

393 479 7,247 6,443

Unemployment rate

15.2 18.3 9.6 8.6

Not in labor force

4,671 4,926 15,840 16,097

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,341 2,251 66,551 66,608

Participation rate

32.2 30.6 71.1 71.0

Employed

1,949 1,897 60,882 60,855

Employment-population ratio

26.8 25.8 65.0 64.9

Unemployed

393 353 5,669 5,753

Unemployment rate

16.8 15.7 8.5 8.6

Not in labor force

4,923 5,113 27,044 27,202

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

766 905 6,121 6,321

Participation rate

6.5 7.3 22.7 23.0

Employed

707 810 5,741 5,924

Employment-population ratio

6.0 6.5 21.2 21.6

Unemployed

58 95 380 397

Unemployment rate

7.6 10.5 6.2 6.3

Not in labor force

11,088 11,547 20,902 21,164

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Employment status and nativity Total Men Women Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,097 36,657 18,054 18,125 18,043 18,531

Civilian labor force

24,488 24,447 14,437 14,330 10,051 10,117

Participation rate

67.8 66.7 80.0 79.1 55.7 54.6

Employed

22,226 22,224 13,116 13,135 9,110 9,090

Employment-population ratio

61.6 60.6 72.6 72.5 50.5 49.1

Unemployed

2,262 2,222 1,322 1,195 940 1,027

Unemployment rate

9.2 9.1 9.2 8.3 9.4 10.2

Not in labor force

11,609 12,210 3,617 3,795 7,992 8,415

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,225 203,415 97,379 98,434 104,846 104,981

Civilian labor force

129,366 129,575 67,408 67,681 61,958 61,895

Participation rate

64.0 63.7 69.2 68.8 59.1 59.0

Employed

117,488 118,277 60,843 61,687 56,645 56,591

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.1 62.5 62.7 54.0 53.9

Unemployed

11,878 11,298 6,564 5,994 5,313 5,304

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.7 9.7 8.9 8.6 8.6

Not in labor force

72,859 73,839 29,971 30,753 42,887 43,086

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status [In thousands] Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,203 2,531 2,281 2,172 2,243 2,217 2,245 2,355 2,267

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,370 1,606 1,409 1,310 1,391 1,383 1,419 1,475 1,380

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

802 879 839 798 822 829 810 843 839

Unpaid family workers

31 46 33 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,512 137,804 138,221 137,266 137,551 137,035 136,837 137,146 137,840

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,565 129,042 129,756 128,438 128,803 128,437 128,393 128,552 129,606

Government

20,828 19,709 20,569 20,855 20,309 20,318 20,302 20,286 20,568

Private industries

107,737 109,333 109,187 107,451 108,505 108,209 108,070 108,275 108,742

Private households

597 769 756 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,139 108,564 108,431 106,859 107,727 107,511 107,319 107,556 107,992

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,878 8,695 8,411 8,752 8,655 8,543 8,525 8,551 8,334

Unpaid family workers

69 66 55 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,628 8,604 8,541 9,506 8,548 8,552 8,396 8,826 9,270

Slack work or business conditions

6,072 5,593 5,497 6,732 5,834 5,806 5,687 5,833 5,963

Could only find part-time work

2,306 2,579 2,766 2,478 2,473 2,401 2,517 2,736 2,852

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,579 16,535 18,647 18,256 18,468 18,470 18,258 18,208 18,308

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,540 8,463 8,423 9,380 8,400 8,400 8,218 8,670 9,112

Slack work or business conditions

6,020 5,492 5,410 6,649 5,731 5,704 5,569 5,732 5,864

Could only find part-time work

2,286 2,554 2,749 2,454 2,444 2,341 2,466 2,720 2,868

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,259 16,153 18,249 17,911 18,126 18,151 17,880 17,813 17,877

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators [Numbers in thousands] Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,715 140,335 140,502 139,378 139,779 139,334 139,296 139,627 140,025

16 to 19 years

4,084 4,794 4,177 4,256 4,240 4,299 4,244 4,312 4,352

16 to 17 years

1,417 1,573 1,450 1,405 1,249 1,358 1,343 1,341 1,414

18 to 19 years

2,667 3,222 2,727 2,857 2,982 2,945 2,890 2,981 2,944

20 years and over

135,631 135,541 136,325 135,121 135,539 135,035 135,052 135,315 135,673

20 to 24 years

12,790 13,273 13,061 12,825 12,970 12,911 12,860 12,895 13,072

25 years and over

122,841 122,268 123,264 122,254 122,641 122,175 122,228 122,447 122,610

25 to 54 years

94,535 93,608 93,920 94,076 93,919 93,505 93,550 93,568 93,460

25 to 34 years

30,474 30,789 30,750 30,321 30,627 30,416 30,322 30,635 30,587

35 to 44 years

30,713 30,021 30,228 30,538 30,302 30,197 30,249 30,017 30,053

45 to 54 years

33,348 32,798 32,941 33,217 32,989 32,892 32,979 32,916 32,819

55 years and over

28,305 28,660 29,345 28,178 28,722 28,670 28,677 28,880 29,150

Men, 16 years and over

73,959 75,190 74,821 73,594 74,177 74,014 73,908 74,122 74,364

16 to 19 years

1,981 2,395 2,025 2,035 2,040 2,077 2,072 2,107 2,089

16 to 17 years

673 760 692 662 594 646 652 629 674

18 to 19 years

1,308 1,635 1,334 1,371 1,446 1,451 1,429 1,492 1,418

20 years and over

71,978 72,795 72,796 71,559 72,137 71,937 71,836 72,015 72,276

20 to 24 years

6,536 7,053 6,874 6,533 6,756 6,754 6,711 6,747 6,858

25 years and over

65,442 65,742 65,923 65,005 65,448 65,193 65,163 65,289 65,429

25 to 54 years

50,641 50,480 50,373 50,306 50,358 50,096 50,018 50,019 50,022

25 to 34 years

16,590 16,917 16,852 16,436 16,747 16,607 16,481 16,674 16,686

35 to 44 years

16,659 16,342 16,395 16,547 16,421 16,365 16,371 16,226 16,277

45 to 54 years

17,392 17,221 17,127 17,324 17,189 17,124 17,167 17,118 17,059

55 years and over

14,802 15,261 15,549 14,699 15,090 15,097 15,146 15,271 15,407

Women, 16 years and over

65,755 65,145 65,680 65,784 65,602 65,320 65,388 65,505 65,661

16 to 19 years

2,103 2,399 2,152 2,221 2,200 2,222 2,172 2,205 2,263

16 to 17 years

743 812 759 743 654 713 691 712 740

18 to 19 years

1,359 1,587 1,393 1,486 1,537 1,494 1,461 1,489 1,525

20 years and over

63,653 62,746 63,529 63,562 63,402 63,098 63,216 63,300 63,398

20 to 24 years

6,255 6,220 6,187 6,292 6,214 6,157 6,149 6,148 6,214

25 years and over

57,398 56,526 57,341 57,249 57,193 56,982 57,064 57,158 57,181

25 to 54 years

43,895 43,127 43,546 43,770 43,561 43,409 43,533 43,549 43,438

25 to 34 years

13,884 13,871 13,899 13,885 13,880 13,809 13,841 13,960 13,901

35 to 44 years

14,054 13,679 13,833 13,992 13,881 13,833 13,879 13,790 13,776

45 to 54 years

15,957 15,577 15,815 15,894 15,800 15,768 15,813 15,798 15,760

55 years and over

13,503 13,399 13,795 13,479 13,631 13,573 13,532 13,609 13,744

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,895 43,362 43,938 43,701 42,998 43,004 43,145 43,184 43,637

Married women, spouse present

34,499 33,321 34,095 34,469 33,826 33,676 33,734 33,845 34,052

Women who maintain families

8,906 9,278 9,173 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

112,385 114,286 112,980 111,710 112,342 111,907 111,859 112,330 112,357

Part-time workers(2)

27,330 26,050 27,522 27,649 27,418 27,631 27,606 27,407 27,704

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,681 6,649 6,946 6,687 6,939 6,880 6,741 6,927 6,964

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.9 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.0 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,036 5,101 4,950 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,680 9,575 9,249 9,550 9,477 9,372 9,335 9,394 9,173

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands) Unemployment rates Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,746 13,967 13,992 9.6 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1

16 to 19 years

1,497 1,467 1,418 26.0 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6

16 to 17 years

604 564 511 30.0 29.4 28.2 28.7 29.6 26.5

18 to 19 years

869 966 893 23.3 21.9 22.8 23.1 24.5 23.3

20 years and over

13,249 12,500 12,573 8.9 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.5

20 to 24 years

2,237 2,231 2,249 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.6 14.8 14.7

25 years and over

11,028 10,297 10,339 8.3 7.8 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.8

25 to 54 years

8,920 8,226 8,284 8.7 8.1 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.1

25 to 34 years

3,379 3,210 3,287 10.0 9.3 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.7

35 to 44 years

2,779 2,498 2,443 8.3 7.7 7.8 7.1 7.7 7.5

45 to 54 years

2,762 2,519 2,554 7.7 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.2

55 years and over

2,176 2,053 2,106 7.2 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.7

Men, 16 years and over

8,571 7,853 7,758 10.4 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.6 9.4

16 to 19 years

841 825 807 29.3 27.0 27.4 27.2 28.1 27.9

16 to 17 years

331 252 257 33.3 31.3 30.7 29.9 28.6 27.6

18 to 19 years

487 607 533 26.2 25.2 25.7 25.6 28.9 27.3

20 years and over

7,729 7,028 6,952 9.7 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.8

20 to 24 years

1,344 1,329 1,286 17.1 15.7 15.5 15.7 16.5 15.8

25 years and over

6,438 5,761 5,712 9.0 8.1 8.4 8.2 8.1 8.0

25 to 54 years

5,174 4,618 4,572 9.3 8.4 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.4

25 to 34 years

2,000 1,816 1,817 10.8 9.7 10.0 10.2 9.8 9.8

35 to 44 years

1,548 1,428 1,354 8.6 7.5 8.1 7.5 8.1 7.7

45 to 54 years

1,626 1,374 1,401 8.6 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.6

55 years and over

1,264 1,144 1,139 7.9 7.0 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.9

Women, 16 years and over

6,175 6,114 6,233 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.7

16 to 19 years

656 642 612 22.8 21.3 21.6 22.7 22.6 21.3

16 to 17 years

273 312 254 26.8 27.5 25.9 27.5 30.5 25.5

18 to 19 years

382 359 360 20.4 18.6 19.7 20.6 19.4 19.1

20 years and over

5,520 5,472 5,622 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.1

20 to 24 years

893 902 963 12.4 13.6 13.4 13.2 12.8 13.4

25 years and over

4,590 4,536 4,628 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5

25 to 54 years

3,747 3,608 3,712 7.9 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.7 7.9

25 to 34 years

1,380 1,394 1,470 9.0 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6

35 to 44 years

1,231 1,070 1,088 8.1 7.8 7.4 6.7 7.2 7.3

45 to 54 years

1,136 1,144 1,153 6.7 6.5 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8

55 years and over(1)

922 1,018 978 6.4 6.0 6.3 7.3 7.1 6.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,177 2,710 2,738 6.8 5.9 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.9

Married women, spouse present

2,068 2,072 2,127 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9

Women who maintain families(1)

1,321 1,257 1,294 12.9 12.7 12.8 12.1 11.9 12.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

13,002 12,077 12,240 10.4 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.8

Part-time workers(3)

1,782 1,904 1,774 6.1 6.3 6.7 6.1 6.5 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,651 7,897 7,636 9,286 8,274 8,261 8,215 8,203 8,121

On temporary layoff

910 1,136 813 1,340 1,214 1,251 1,268 1,247 1,196

Not on temporary layoff

7,741 6,762 6,823 7,947 7,060 7,010 6,947 6,956 6,925

Permanent job losers

6,271 5,399 5,383 6,467 5,653 5,606 5,567 5,545 5,500

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,471 1,362 1,440 1,479 1,407 1,405 1,380 1,411 1,426

Job leavers

880 1,056 1,064 809 908 965 928 963 967

Reentrants

3,428 3,644 3,500 3,441 3,433 3,430 3,410 3,532 3,504

New entrants

1,180 1,411 1,320 1,193 1,231 1,222 1,270 1,241 1,327

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

61.2 56.4 56.5 63.0 59.8 59.5 59.4 58.8 58.3

On temporary layoff

6.4 8.1 6.0 9.1 8.8 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.6

Not on temporary layoff

54.7 48.3 50.5 54.0 51.0 50.5 50.3 49.9 49.8

Job leavers

6.2 7.5 7.9 5.5 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9

Reentrants

24.2 26.0 25.9 23.4 24.8 24.7 24.7 25.3 25.2

New entrants

8.3 10.1 9.8 8.1 8.9 8.8 9.2 8.9 9.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.6 5.1 5.0 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3

Job leavers

0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3

New entrants

0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment [Numbers in thousands] Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,830 2,635 2,760 2,872 2,664 3,076 2,689 2,755 2,772

5 to 14 weeks

3,127 3,377 2,726 3,329 2,892 2,972 3,088 3,050 2,904

15 weeks and over

8,183 7,997 8,034 8,517 8,184 8,125 8,150 8,273 8,328

15 to 26 weeks

2,075 1,958 1,816 2,364 1,984 1,836 1,965 2,239 2,086

27 weeks and over

6,108 6,038 6,217 6,153 6,200 6,289 6,185 6,034 6,242

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

34.1 39.7 41.0 33.4 39.7 39.9 40.4 40.3 40.5

Median duration, in weeks

20.5 20.6 22.2 20.5 22.0 22.5 21.2 21.8 22.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.0 18.8 20.4 19.5 19.4 21.7 19.3 19.6 19.8

5 to 14 weeks

22.1 24.1 20.2 22.6 21.0 21.0 22.2 21.7 20.7

15 weeks and over

57.9 57.1 59.4 57.9 59.6 57.3 58.5 58.8 59.5

15 to 26 weeks

14.7 14.0 13.4 16.1 14.4 13.0 14.1 15.9 14.9

27 weeks and over

43.2 43.1 46.0 41.8 45.1 44.4 44.4 42.9 44.6

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,715 140,502 14,140 13,520 9.2 8.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,757 52,665 2,381 2,450 4.4 4.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,038 21,587 956 1,035 4.3 4.6

Professional and related occupations

30,719 31,078 1,425 1,415 4.4 4.4

Service occupations

24,660 25,347 2,867 2,828 10.4 10.0

Sales and office occupations

33,331 32,735 3,386 3,246 9.2 9.0

Sales and related occupations

15,319 15,064 1,584 1,554 9.4 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

18,012 17,672 1,803 1,692 9.1 8.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,273 13,387 2,195 1,675 14.2 11.1

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,051 1,038 142 131 11.9 11.2

Construction and extraction occupations

7,186 7,316 1,536 1,137 17.6 13.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,036 5,033 517 407 9.3 7.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,693 16,368 2,085 1,951 11.1 10.7

Production occupations

8,187 8,128 1,123 944 12.1 10.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,506 8,239 962 1,008 10.2 10.9

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands) Unemployment
rates Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,140 13,520 9.2 8.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,127 10,375 9.4 8.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

66 55 8.2 6.2

Construction

1,464 1,110 17.2 13.3

Manufacturing

1,471 1,306 9.6 8.4

Durable goods

937 821 9.7 8.4

Nondurable goods

534 484 9.3 8.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,962 1,882 9.6 9.2

Transportation and utilities

418 458 7.1 7.8

Information

330 209 10.8 7.4

Financial activities

568 501 6.3 5.5

Professional and business services

1,426 1,509 9.9 10.1

Education and health services

1,352 1,241 6.3 5.7

Leisure and hospitality

1,536 1,492 11.4 11.3

Other services

534 613 8.5 9.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

164 169 11.1 11.1

Government workers

1,089 1,013 5.0 4.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

580 643 5.6 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization [Percent] Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 May
2011 June
2011 July
2011 Aug.
2011 Sept.
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.3 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 5.1 5.0 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.2 9.1 8.8 9.6 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.9 9.6 9.4 10.3 9.5 9.8 9.8 9.7 9.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.7 10.6 10.2 11.0 10.3 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.2 16.1 15.7 17.1 15.8 16.2 16.1 16.2 16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted [Numbers in thousands] Category Total Men Women Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011 Sept.
2010 Sept.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

84,468 86,049 33,588 34,549 50,880 51,501

Persons who currently want a job

5,949 5,929 2,772 2,792 3,177 3,137

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,548 2,511 1,354 1,319 1,194 1,192

Discouraged workers(2)

1,209 1,037 730 585 478 452

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,340 1,474 624 734 716 740

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,681 6,946 3,140 3,427 3,540 3,519

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.9 4.2 4.6 5.4 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,515 3,778 1,852 2,039 1,663 1,739

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,717 1,730 563 597 1,154 1,132

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

265 193 164 118 101 74

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,144 1,214 541 655 603 559

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands] Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Change from:
Aug.2011 - Sept.2011(p)

Total nonfarm

130,090 130,821 131,033 131,552 129,844 131,174 131,231 131,334 103

Total private

108,004 110,061 110,179 109,793 107,570 109,170 109,212 109,349 137

Goods-producing

18,105 18,425 18,508 18,435 17,784 18,088 18,079 18,097 18

Mining and logging

733 812 814 818 725 798 800 805 5

Logging

51.5 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.5 47.7 47.1 47.2 0.1

Mining

681.3 763.1 764.5 768.3 675.0 749.9 752.8 758.2 5.4

Oil and gas extraction

159.9 177.9 178.6 179.4 160.9 175.5 177.2 179.9 2.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

210.2 220.0 222.0 218.8 205.2 212.7 213.9 213.1 -0.8

Coal mining

81.8 85.9 87.0 86.3 81.8 85.6 86.5 86.3 -0.2

Support activities for mining

311.2 365.2 363.9 370.1 308.9 361.7 361.7 365.2 3.5

Construction

5,744 5,805 5,834 5,794 5,514 5,532 5,525 5,551 26

Construction of buildings

1,262.4 1,263.8 1,274.2 1,277.0 1,223.0 1,222.0 1,221.8 1,236.8 15.0

Residential building

584.0 581.9 581.0 575.0 564.2 557.8 555.0 556.8 1.8

Nonresidential building

678.4 681.9 693.2 702.0 658.8 664.2 666.8 680.0 13.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

904.8 904.1 910.9 917.3 841.4 844.9 844.9 851.1 6.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,576.6 3,636.7 3,649.0 3,599.8 3,449.4 3,464.7 3,458.1 3,463.2 5.1

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,514.8 1,538.0 1,534.0 1,510.4 1,447.4 1,451.5 1,448.1 1,442.5 -5.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,061.8 2,098.7 2,115.0 2,089.4 2,002.0 2,013.2 2,010.0 2,020.7 10.7

Manufacturing

11,628 11,808 11,860 11,823 11,545 11,758 11,754 11,741 -13

Durable goods

7,134 7,324 7,355 7,334 7,095 7,313 7,305 7,297 -8

Wood products

344.0 336.0 339.3 334.4 337.7 328.4 330.3 329.4 -0.9

Nonmetallic mineral products

382.5 382.8 381.5 377.6 372.5 371.2 369.8 368.2 -1.6

Primary metals

366.8 386.3 387.9 390.5 365.2 387.3 387.5 388.9 1.4

Fabricated metal products

1,310.0 1,369.4 1,371.8 1,367.5 1,299.9 1,366.1 1,360.0 1,357.1 -2.9

Machinery

997.7 1,053.7 1,057.0 1,056.0 998.4 1,049.1 1,053.6 1,056.4 2.8

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,102.7 1,131.7 1,133.2 1,129.4 1,103.0 1,128.7 1,129.6 1,130.2 0.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.7 172.9 173.4 172.9 162.2 172.6 173.0 172.7 -0.3

Communication equipment

118.9 117.3 117.0 116.4 119.3 117.4 116.8 116.5 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

372.5 387.9 390.0 388.9 372.0 386.8 388.1 388.8 0.7

Electronic instruments

405.4 404.8 403.8 402.0 405.8 403.4 402.8 402.6 -0.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

364.6 373.8 374.9 372.0 363.9 371.8 372.1 370.7 -1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,340.9 1,355.9 1,373.1 1,381.2 1,332.5 1,378.4 1,373.1 1,374.1 1.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

683.2 685.0 699.7 707.1 675.5 707.0 700.6 700.9 0.3

Furniture and related products

357.9 357.5 357.0 350.2 355.7 354.1 351.0 347.4 -3.6

Miscellaneous manufacturing

567.2 577.3 579.4 574.9 566.3 578.3 577.8 574.8 -3.0

Nondurable goods

4,494 4,484 4,505 4,489 4,450 4,445 4,449 4,444 -5

Food manufacturing

1,477.5 1,470.7 1,478.5 1,471.5 1,445.2 1,448.1 1,442.6 1,441.7 -0.9

Beverages and tobacco products

187.3 191.4 194.9 193.8 183.2 186.2 189.6 187.8 -1.8

Textile mills

118.9 122.9 122.5 121.3 118.8 123.0 121.9 121.2 -0.7

Textile product mills

118.7 116.6 116.0 113.6 118.5 115.7 115.9 113.7 -2.2

Apparel

157.1 153.2 155.7 156.8 155.0 153.3 154.4 154.7 0.3

Leather and allied products

28.4 29.4 29.2 30.0 28.0 30.0 29.0 29.6 0.6

Paper and paper products

397.2 399.9 401.0 401.1 396.8 398.1 399.2 399.7 0.5

Printing and related support activities

484.2 467.7 470.3 466.1 483.0 467.5 468.9 464.7 -4.2

Petroleum and coal products

116.1 115.7 114.2 114.4 114.0 111.7 111.1 111.9 0.8

Chemicals

780.1 784.1 785.8 784.5 781.8 780.3 783.5 784.9 1.4

Plastics and rubber products

628.2 632.3 637.0 636.0 625.4 631.3 632.6 634.0 1.4

Private service-providing

89,899 91,636 91,671 91,358 89,786 91,082 91,133 91,252 119

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,565 24,959 24,953 24,886 24,627 24,942 24,945 24,952 7

Wholesale trade

5,465.0 5,574.7 5,573.6 5,547.9 5,456.0 5,543.0 5,545.8 5,539.9 -5.9

Durable goods

2,725.0 2,790.3 2,791.2 2,774.4 2,722.4 2,774.4 2,776.1 2,772.2 -3.9

Nondurable goods

1,932.2 1,962.7 1,961.6 1,955.5 1,928.7 1,950.3 1,952.2 1,952.1 -0.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

807.8 821.7 820.8 818.0 804.9 818.3 817.5 815.6 -1.9

Retail trade

14,311.7 14,599.4 14,589.5 14,481.3 14,430.3 14,579.1 14,578.3 14,591.9 13.6

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,641.7 1,695.9 1,696.7 1,692.6 1,627.3 1,676.2 1,677.2 1,678.6 1.4

Automobile dealers

1,014.4 1,049.0 1,051.3 1,050.8 1,007.0 1,041.6 1,042.9 1,043.8 0.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

429.5 431.4 430.1 430.9 436.0 436.5 435.7 436.2 0.5

Electronics and appliance stores

492.5 493.8 486.0 475.7 500.8 501.3 492.8 483.9 -8.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,106.8 1,148.3 1,128.1 1,107.3 1,115.1 1,119.0 1,119.5 1,118.9 -0.6

Food and beverage stores

2,803.5 2,858.5 2,854.6 2,841.0 2,812.4 2,837.1 2,840.6 2,847.6 7.0

Health and personal care stores

969.2 975.2 977.1 975.7 976.3 976.9 977.5 981.7 4.2

Gasoline stations

822.1 833.0 835.9 823.4 816.0 820.6 821.1 817.5 -3.6

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,350.8 1,422.4 1,435.7 1,409.9 1,388.0 1,431.1 1,440.4 1,449.4 9.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

595.3 583.5 595.7 599.3 597.8 600.4 599.2 601.3 2.1

General merchandise stores(1)

2,927.2 2,971.5 2,966.8 2,941.3 2,986.1 2,989.4 2,988.4 2,993.6 5.2

Department stores

1,453.7 1,479.6 1,478.4 1,460.1 1,495.8 1,499.8 1,498.2 1,499.6 1.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

755.3 780.7 770.8 767.2 756.6 774.0 766.8 767.8 1.0

Nonstore retailers

417.8 405.2 412.0 417.0 417.9 416.6 419.1 415.4 -3.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,240.8 4,228.9 4,235.0 4,303.2 4,192.4 4,267.8 4,268.0 4,266.1 -1.9

Air transportation

464.9 481.2 480.0 475.2 463.4 478.8 475.9 474.8 -1.1

Rail transportation

218.4 225.2 226.9 226.8 217.6 224.7 226.4 225.4 -1.0

Water transportation

63.9 65.0 65.8 64.7 62.8 63.1 63.5 63.8 0.3

Truck transportation

1,271.1 1,300.0 1,305.0 1,306.4 1,248.5 1,283.0 1,281.7 1,284.3 2.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

453.2 379.7 376.8 448.5 438.6 440.3 442.8 439.2 -3.6

Pipeline transportation

41.9 43.6 43.0 43.3 41.9 43.3 43.0 43.3 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

33.0 37.8 36.9 34.0 27.6 28.5 28.6 28.3 -0.3

Support activities for transportation

542.9 556.5 558.0 556.7 542.3 555.0 555.3 555.7 0.4

Couriers and messengers

520.2 510.1 513.5 516.7 521.0 521.1 521.7 522.5 0.8

Warehousing and storage

631.3 629.8 629.1 630.9 628.7 630.0 629.1 628.8 -0.3

Utilities

547.4 555.6 554.6 553.2 548.6 552.1 552.6 553.8 1.2

Information

2,693 2,679 2,637 2,651 2,701 2,677 2,626 2,660 34

Publishing industries, except Internet

758.6 758.4 756.2 753.4 759.4 756.0 754.8 754.0 -0.8

Motion picture and sound recording industries

370.4 368.2 376.9 357.9 373.3 366.1 367.3 361.9 -5.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

295.7 294.3 293.6 296.1 296.1 295.0 294.5 296.2 1.7

Telecommunications

885.8 857.2 808.3 842.0 887.7 859.1 807.5 845.1 37.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

239.4 238.6 238.3 238.3 240.5 239.7 240.0 239.4 -0.6

Other information services

143.3 162.7 163.2 163.4 143.5 160.6 161.9 163.4 1.5

Financial activities

7,618 7,672 7,659 7,607 7,616 7,606 7,611 7,603 -8

Finance and insurance

5,674.9 5,688.9 5,680.2 5,650.6 5,686.7 5,667.0 5,669.5 5,660.7 -8.8

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.8 21.7 22.0 21.8 20.7 21.5 21.8 21.8 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,538.8 2,552.5 2,545.9 2,532.7 2,547.2 2,542.8 2,541.7 2,539.0 -2.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,730.5 1,766.3 1,764.1 1,751.3 1,735.8 1,756.5 1,757.3 1,756.3 -1.0

Commercial banking

1,307.2 1,331.8 1,330.0 1,320.7 1,310.8 1,324.9 1,325.5 1,323.7 -1.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

803.7 813.7 814.6 807.4 805.5 811.0 812.5 809.1 -3.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,225.1 2,213.1 2,211.0 2,202.3 2,226.6 2,204.3 2,206.9 2,204.1 -2.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.5 87.9 86.7 86.4 86.7 87.4 86.6 86.7 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,943.0 1,983.2 1,978.7 1,956.1 1,928.9 1,938.8 1,941.5 1,942.7 1.2

Real estate

1,397.7 1,426.9 1,423.3 1,402.6 1,389.8 1,401.9 1,401.3 1,395.8 -5.5

Rental and leasing services

520.5 530.5 529.5 527.7 514.3 511.4 514.5 521.1 6.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.8 25.8 25.9 25.8 24.8 25.5 25.7 25.8 0.1

Professional and business services

16,801 17,257 17,362 17,350 16,719 17,194 17,232 17,280 48

Professional and technical services(1)

7,327.2 7,618.1 7,622.5 7,594.6 7,414.1 7,642.4 7,659.4 7,683.5 24.1

Legal services

1,112.7 1,125.0 1,118.3 1,109.5 1,115.7 1,113.8 1,113.5 1,112.2 -1.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

799.0 851.6 850.2 847.5 875.6 924.2 923.3 926.6 3.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,276.7 1,317.1 1,319.7 1,308.1 1,273.7 1,297.5 1,301.8 1,304.5 2.7

Computer systems design and related services

1,443.0 1,514.6 1,524.5 1,520.8 1,447.1 1,511.4 1,519.1 1,525.1 6.0

Management and technical consulting services

986.8 1,050.0 1,054.2 1,053.4 991.5 1,045.4 1,052.4 1,057.9 5.5

Management of companies and enterprises

1,871.5 1,894.7 1,895.4 1,889.9 1,870.6 1,885.4 1,885.2 1,887.0 1.8

Administrative and waste services

7,602.3 7,744.5 7,844.3 7,865.7 7,434.6 7,666.2 7,687.1 7,709.6 22.5

Administrative and support services(1)

7,238.2 7,370.1 7,469.4 7,494.3 7,074.1 7,301.4 7,321.3 7,343.0 21.7

Employment services(1)

2,833.9 2,875.4 2,981.8 3,040.1 2,745.7 2,917.4 2,938.4 2,962.2 23.8

Temporary help services

2,180.5 2,207.2 2,294.6 2,351.1 2,110.1 2,247.7 2,268.0 2,287.4 19.4

Business support services

797.3 790.2 791.6 794.2 807.6 803.3 802.3 803.2 0.9

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,815.2 1,878.5 1,868.1 1,836.3 1,747.2 1,763.8 1,766.1 1,768.8 2.7

Waste management and remediation services

364.1 374.4 374.9 371.4 360.5 364.8 365.8 366.6 0.8

Education and health services

19,545 19,666 19,697 19,994 19,631 19,998 20,036 20,081 45

Educational services

3,094.4 2,922.0 2,908.5 3,173.6 3,145.1 3,219.3 3,223.9 3,227.8 3.9

Health care and social assistance

16,450.1 16,744.1 16,788.4 16,820.7 16,485.5 16,778.2 16,812.3 16,853.1 40.8

Health care(3)

13,822.0 14,130.9 14,163.8 14,164.1 13,844.9 14,104.1 14,136.6 14,180.4 43.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,995.2 6,160.2 6,189.1 6,194.9 6,013.5 6,157.8 6,180.5 6,206.5 26.0

Offices of physicians

2,314.0 2,366.7 2,373.0 2,378.0 2,322.2 2,365.2 2,371.0 2,383.2 12.2

Outpatient care centers

602.7 619.1 623.0 624.5 604.5 619.6 622.2 626.0 3.8

Home health care services

1,089.6 1,126.5 1,134.1 1,138.6 1,091.7 1,127.7 1,134.4 1,139.4 5.0

Hospitals

4,687.7 4,768.9 4,770.3 4,773.1 4,690.5 4,754.0 4,761.5 4,774.8 13.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,139.1 3,201.8 3,204.4 3,196.1 3,140.9 3,192.3 3,194.6 3,199.1 4.5

Nursing care facilities

1,665.4 1,688.1 1,686.7 1,681.3 1,664.6 1,684.5 1,682.5 1,682.5 0.0

Social assistance(1)

2,628.1 2,613.2 2,624.6 2,656.6 2,640.6 2,674.1 2,675.7 2,672.7 -3.0

Child day care services

853.1 790.0 802.2 840.2 855.4 852.0 850.7 845.8 -4.9

Leisure and hospitality

13,304 13,887 13,862 13,430 13,103 13,217 13,227 13,223 -4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,013.1 2,204.2 2,160.3 1,966.0 1,933.3 1,897.3 1,895.0 1,885.4 -9.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

452.4 431.4 431.3 417.7 429.7 401.0 400.2 396.3 -3.9

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

129.6 146.6 144.1 132.7 126.8 130.8 131.5 130.5 -1.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,431.1 1,626.2 1,584.9 1,415.6 1,376.8 1,365.5 1,363.3 1,358.6 -4.7

Accommodation and food services

11,290.4 11,682.4 11,702.1 11,464.2 11,169.7 11,320.1 11,331.7 11,337.5 5.8

Accommodation

1,809.6 1,961.7 1,953.5 1,843.5 1,772.7 1,811.0 1,810.4 1,804.2 -6.2

Food services and drinking places

9,480.8 9,720.7 9,748.6 9,620.7 9,397.0 9,509.1 9,521.3 9,533.3 12.0

Other services

5,373 5,516 5,501 5,440 5,389 5,448 5,456 5,453 -3

Repair and maintenance

1,142.8 1,159.7 1,158.3 1,153.4 1,141.2 1,152.0 1,151.4 1,151.7 0.3

Personal and laundry services

1,259.6 1,293.5 1,294.4 1,287.8 1,263.3 1,286.4 1,288.1 1,290.2 2.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,971.0 3,063.2 3,048.0 2,998.7 2,984.0 3,010.0 3,016.3 3,011.3 -5.0

Government

22,086 20,760 20,854 21,759 22,274 22,004 22,019 21,985 -34

Federal

2,863.0 2,854.0 2,837.0 2,827.0 2,850.0 2,824.0 2,821.0 2,820.0 -1.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,215.8 2,223.3 2,219.8 2,215.8 2,200.6 2,199.3 2,201.1 2,205.1 4.0

U.S. Postal Service

647.2 630.6 617.1 610.7 648.9 624.5 620.0 614.7 -5.3

State government

5,146.0 4,772.0 4,809.0 5,098.0 5,138.0 5,076.0 5,087.0 5,089.0 2.0

State government education

2,394.6 2,079.4 2,108.4 2,407.9 2,383.7 2,394.3 2,399.0 2,397.6 -1.4

State government, excluding education

2,750.9 2,692.7 2,701.0 2,689.9 2,753.9 2,681.7 2,688.2 2,691.5 3.3

Local government

14,077.0 13,134.0 13,208.0 13,834.0 14,286.0 14,104.0 14,111.0 14,076.0 -35.0

Local government education

7,736.5 6,652.4 6,768.3 7,586.4 7,948.6 7,846.4 7,858.2 7,833.8 -24.4

Local government, excluding education

6,340.1 6,481.7 6,439.5 6,247.8 6,337.3 6,257.8 6,252.3 6,241.7 -10.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted Industry Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.3 34.2 34.3

Goods-producing

39.7 39.8 39.8 39.9

Mining and logging

43.7 44.1 44.1 44.0

Construction

38.0 38.2 38.2 38.5

Manufacturing

40.3 40.3 40.3 40.2

Durable goods

40.5 40.6 40.6 40.6

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.7 39.8 39.6

Private service-providing

33.1 33.3 33.1 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.4 34.3 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.4 38.6 38.5 38.8

Retail trade

31.3 31.4 31.3 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.5 38.4 38.4

Utilities

41.3 41.6 41.5 42.3

Information

36.7 36.5 36.4 36.5

Financial activities

37.1 37.4 37.1 37.4

Professional and business services

35.6 35.8 35.7 35.8

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 25.9 25.8 25.9

Other services

31.8 31.7 31.5 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.1 3.1 3.2

Durable goods

2.9 3.1 3.1 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

Total private

$22.70 $23.12 $23.08 $23.12 $776.34 $793.02 $789.34 $793.02

Goods-producing

24.15 24.45 24.43 24.46 958.76 973.11 972.31 975.95

Mining and logging

27.89 27.96 28.06 28.35 1,218.79 1,233.04 1,237.45 1,247.40

Construction

25.19 25.40 25.48 25.48 957.22 970.28 973.34 980.98

Manufacturing

23.43 23.77 23.69 23.71 944.23 957.93 954.71 953.14

Durable goods

24.91 25.31 25.24 25.24 1,008.86 1,027.59 1,024.74 1,024.74

Nondurable goods

21.04 21.17 21.10 21.13 839.50 840.45 839.78 836.75

Private service-providing

22.36 22.80 22.76 22.80 740.12 759.24 753.36 756.96

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.76 20.09 20.03 20.06 677.77 691.10 687.03 692.07

Wholesale trade

26.23 26.33 26.27 26.25 1,007.23 1,016.34 1,011.40 1,018.50

Retail trade

15.61 15.90 15.76 15.80 488.59 499.26 493.29 496.12

Transportation and warehousing

21.14 21.73 21.90 21.86 809.66 836.61 840.96 839.42

Utilities

32.75 33.63 33.70 34.00 1,352.58 1,399.01 1,398.55 1,438.20

Information

30.84 31.41 31.54 31.57 1,131.83 1,146.47 1,148.06 1,152.31

Financial activities

27.29 27.74 27.79 27.85 1,012.46 1,037.48 1,031.01 1,041.59

Professional and business services

27.41 27.98 27.85 27.90 975.80 1,001.68 994.25 998.82

Education and health services

23.06 23.67 23.64 23.66 756.37 778.74 773.03 773.68

Leisure and hospitality

13.10 13.24 13.25 13.28 337.98 342.92 341.85 343.95

Other services

20.22 20.50 20.52 20.54 643.00 649.85 646.38 649.06

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted [2007=100] Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Percent change from:
Aug.
2011 - Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Percent change from:
Aug.
2011 - Sept.
2011(p)

Total private

92.2 93.8 93.6 94.0 0.4 99.8 103.5 103.0 103.6 0.6

Goods-producing

80.4 82.0 82.0 82.3 0.4 87.8 90.6 90.5 90.9 0.4

Mining and logging

99.6 110.6 110.9 111.3 0.4 111.5 124.1 124.9 126.7 1.4

Construction

72.2 72.8 72.7 73.7 1.4 79.0 80.4 80.5 81.5 1.2

Manufacturing

83.7 85.2 85.2 84.9 -0.4 91.2 94.2 93.9 93.6 -0.3

Durable goods

80.9 83.6 83.5 83.4 -0.1 89.5 94.0 93.6 93.5 -0.1

Nondurable goods

88.6 88.1 88.4 87.8 -0.7 94.6 94.6 94.6 94.2 -0.4

Private service-providing

95.4 97.4 96.9 97.3 0.4 103.4 107.6 106.8 107.5 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91.8 93.2 93.0 93.6 0.6 97.6 100.8 100.2 101.0 0.8

Wholesale trade

91.4 93.4 93.2 93.8 0.6 100.1 102.6 102.1 102.7 0.6

Retail trade

91.7 93.0 92.7 93.0 0.3 94.7 97.7 96.6 97.2 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

91.9 94.0 93.8 93.8 0.0 98.6 103.7 104.2 104.0 -0.2

Utilities

98.0 99.3 99.2 101.3 2.1 106.0 110.4 110.5 113.8 3.0

Information

90.5 89.2 87.3 88.7 1.6 99.4 99.8 98.0 99.7 1.7

Financial activities

93.1 93.7 93.0 93.7 0.8 99.2 101.5 100.9 101.9 1.0

Professional and business services

93.6 96.8 96.8 97.3 0.5 104.0 109.7 109.2 110.0 0.7

Education and health services

104.8 107.1 106.6 106.9 0.3 113.2 118.7 118.1 118.5 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

96.5 97.7 97.4 97.7 0.3 101.9 104.3 104.1 104.7 0.6

Other services

94.9 95.7 95.2 95.5 0.3 109.0 111.3 110.9 111.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,553 64,816 64,867 64,871 49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

51,892 52,314 52,350 52,382 48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,071 4,061 4,055 4,056 22.9 22.5 22.4 22.4

Mining and logging

99 105 106 107 13.7 13.2 13.3 13.3

Construction

713 710 711 715 12.9 12.8 12.9 12.9

Manufacturing

3,259 3,246 3,238 3,234 28.2 27.6 27.5 27.5

Durable goods

1,722 1,722 1,716 1,713 24.3 23.5 23.5 23.5

Nondurable goods

1,537 1,524 1,522 1,521 34.5 34.3 34.2 34.2

Private service-providing

47,821 48,253 48,295 48,326 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,991 9,995 9,995 9,973 40.6 40.1 40.1 40.0

Wholesale trade

1,637.5 1,669.8 1,671.5 1,672.7 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.2

Retail trade

7,212.4 7,188.4 7,186.3 7,175.9 50.0 49.3 49.3 49.2

Transportation and warehousing

1,003.9 1,001.8 1,003.2 989.8 23.9 23.5 23.5 23.2

Utilities

136.7 134.6 134.4 134.8 24.9 24.4 24.3 24.3

Information

1,097 1,088 1,075 1,079 40.6 40.6 40.9 40.6

Financial activities

4,474 4,441 4,441 4,426 58.7 58.4 58.3 58.2

Professional and business services

7,437 7,625 7,647 7,663 44.5 44.3 44.4 44.3

Education and health services

15,134 15,346 15,371 15,404 77.1 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,837 6,883 6,883 6,901 52.2 52.1 52.0 52.2

Other services

2,851 2,875 2,883 2,880 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,661 12,502 12,517 12,489 56.8 56.8 56.8 56.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1) [In thousands] Industry Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

Total private

88,673 89,972 90,017 90,183

Goods-producing

12,794 13,034 13,024 13,056

Mining and logging

541 599 601 605

Construction

4,170 4,186 4,175 4,202

Manufacturing

8,083 8,249 8,248 8,249

Durable goods

4,852 5,012 5,009 5,010

Nondurable goods

3,231 3,237 3,239 3,239

Private service-providing

75,879 76,938 76,993 77,127

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,849 21,101 21,119 21,143

Wholesale trade

4,369.5 4,441.3 4,444.1 4,439.5

Retail trade

12,418.6 12,544.8 12,552.7 12,577.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,621.5 3,673.6 3,680.9 3,684.6

Utilities

439.8 440.8 441.4 441.3

Information

2,170 2,148 2,099 2,134

Financial activities

5,866 5,821 5,822 5,815

Professional and business services

13,691 14,145 14,182 14,220

Education and health services

17,221 17,520 17,544 17,581

Leisure and hospitality

11,573 11,648 11,664 11,672

Other services

4,509 4,555 4,563 4,562

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1) Industry Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.6 33.5 33.6

Goods-producing

40.7 40.9 40.8 40.8

Mining and logging

44.6 46.3 46.3 46.3

Construction

39.0 39.1 39.0 39.1

Manufacturing

41.3 41.4 41.3 41.3

Durable goods

41.4 41.8 41.7 41.7

Nondurable goods

41.0 40.8 40.6 40.6

Private service-providing

32.3 32.4 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.3 33.7 33.5 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.2 38.5 38.3 38.6

Retail trade

30.1 30.5 30.3 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

37.2 37.7 37.7 37.6

Utilities

42.1 41.9 41.8 42.1

Information

36.1 36.2 35.9 36.0

Financial activities

36.3 36.4 36.3 36.4

Professional and business services

35.2 35.1 35.1 35.2

Education and health services

32.2 32.4 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.8 24.7 24.7

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.9 4.1 4.1 4.0

Durable goods

3.9 4.2 4.2 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1) Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p)

Total private

$19.14 $19.49 $19.49 $19.52 $641.19 $654.86 $652.92 $655.87

Goods-producing

20.33 20.69 20.71 20.71 827.43 846.22 844.97 844.97

Mining and logging

24.10 24.60 24.57 24.61 1,074.86 1,138.98 1,137.59 1,139.44

Construction

23.21 23.65 23.81 23.76 905.19 924.72 928.59 929.02

Manufacturing

18.65 18.96 18.92 18.92 770.25 784.94 781.40 781.40

Durable goods

19.81 20.14 20.07 20.08 820.13 841.85 836.92 837.34

Nondurable goods

16.89 17.08 17.09 17.07 692.49 696.86 693.85 693.04

Private service-providing

18.88 19.24 19.22 19.26 609.82 623.38 620.81 622.10

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.90 17.20 17.17 17.23 562.77 579.64 575.20 578.93

Wholesale trade

21.64 22.13 22.03 22.08 826.65 852.01 843.75 852.29

Retail trade

13.29 13.48 13.46 13.49 400.03 411.14 407.84 408.75

Transportation and warehousing

19.18 19.53 19.55 19.66 713.50 736.28 737.04 739.22

Utilities

30.28 30.96 30.92 31.21 1,274.79 1,297.22 1,292.46 1,313.94

Information

26.01 26.48 26.52 26.66 938.96 958.58 952.07 959.76

Financial activities

21.45 21.78 21.75 21.82 778.64 792.79 789.53 794.25

Professional and business services

22.94 23.24 23.16 23.15 807.49 815.72 812.92 814.88

Education and health services

20.24 20.79 20.84 20.86 651.73 673.60 673.13 673.78

Leisure and hospitality

11.27 11.49 11.49 11.47 279.50 284.95 283.80 283.31

Other services

17.13 17.25 17.24 17.26 527.60 529.58 529.27 529.88

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1) [2002=100] Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Percent change from:
Aug.
2011 - Sept.
2011(p) Sept.
2010 July
2011 Aug.
2011(p) Sept.
2011(p) Percent change from:
Aug.
2011 - Sept.
2011(p)

Total private

99.2 101.0 100.8 101.2 0.4 126.9 131.5 131.2 132.0 0.6

Goods-producing

79.6 81.5 81.2 81.4 0.2 99.1 103.2 103.0 103.2 0.2

Mining and logging

128.2 147.4 147.9 148.9 0.7 179.7 210.9 211.3 213.1 0.9

Construction

81.4 82.0 81.5 82.3 1.0 102.1 104.7 104.8 105.5 0.7

Manufacturing

76.6 78.4 78.2 78.2 0.0 93.4 97.2 96.7 96.7 0.0

Durable goods

75.5 78.7 78.5 78.5 0.0 93.3 99.0 98.3 98.4 0.1

Nondurable goods

78.1 77.8 77.5 77.5 0.0 93.2 93.9 93.6 93.5 -0.1

Private service-providing

104.8 106.6 106.3 106.5 0.2 135.7 140.6 140.1 140.7 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.8 99.1 98.6 99.0 0.4 116.7 121.6 120.8 121.7 0.7

Wholesale trade

98.3 100.7 100.2 100.9 0.7 125.3 131.3 130.1 131.3 0.9

Retail trade

94.6 96.9 96.3 96.5 0.2 107.8 111.9 111.1 111.5 0.4

Transportation and warehousing

101.4 104.3 104.5 104.3 -0.2 123.4 129.2 129.6 130.1 0.4

Utilities

94.7 94.5 94.4 95.0 0.6 119.7 122.1 121.8 123.8 1.6

Information

89.4 88.8 86.0 87.7 2.0 115.2 116.4 112.9 115.8 2.6

Financial activities

101.9 101.4 101.1 101.3 0.2 135.1 136.5 136.0 136.7 0.5

Professional and business services

108.0 111.3 111.6 112.2 0.5 147.4 153.9 153.7 154.5 0.5

Education and health services

119.6 122.5 122.2 122.5 0.2 159.2 167.4 167.5 168.0 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

105.2 105.9 105.6 105.7 0.1 134.6 138.2 137.8 137.6 -0.1

Other services

97.4 98.1 98.3 98.2 -0.1 121.6 123.3 123.4 123.6 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: October 07, 2011

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