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This Week at EIA - 03/01/2012


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(02/23/2012 - 03/01/2012)

Summary and links for every U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) product released this week.


Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (2/27/2012)
Presents average weekly retail on-highway diesel fuel prices for the U.S., 8 regions, and the State of California and average weekly retail gasoline prices at the national and regional levels, and for selected cities and States.

This Week in Petroleum (2/29/2012)
Provides analysis, data, and charts of the latest weekly petroleum supply and price data.

Weekly Petroleum Status Report, Data for Week Ending 2/24/2012 (2/29/2012)
Contains timely information on supply and selected prices of crude oil and principal petroleum products in the context of historical data and forecasts.

Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (3/1/2012)
Contains weekly estimates of natural gas in underground storage for the United States and three regions of the United States.

Natural Gas Weekly Update (3/1/2012)
Contains weekly updates of natural gas market prices, latest storage level estimates, recent lower 48 NOAA weather data, and other market activity or events.

Coal Production for Week Ended 2/25/2012 (3/1/2012)
Contains an overview of U.S. weekly coal production.


Review of developments in crude oil and product markets over the past two months (03/01/2012)
On February 29, 2012, EIA released The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran, a 60—day recurring report required under the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012. The Act requires that, not later than 60 days from enactment and every 60 days thereafter, the "Energy Information Administration, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of State, and the Director of National Intelligence, shall submit to Congress a report on the availability and price of petroleum and petroleum products produced in countries other than Iran in the 60—day period preceding the submission of the report."

The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran (02/29/2012)
This report was prepared in fulfillment of Section 1245(d)(4)(A) of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2012, which requires that, not later than 60 days from enactment and every 60 days thereafter, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) "submit to Congress a report on the availability and price of petroleum and petroleum products produced in countries other than Iran in the 60-day period preceding the submission of the report."

WTI discount to Brent and premium to Bakken both rising in early 2012 (02/29/2012)
The price difference between West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil and Brent crude oil has widened in 2012. The price for Bakken crude oil recently moved to a historically-wide discount compared to WTI. It is likely that concerns regarding oil transportation bottlenecks throughout the central United States and increasing production from shale formations in the northern United States are driving these price trends.

Monthly Natural Gas Gross Production Report (02/29/2012)
Monthly natural gas gross withdrawals estimated from data collected on Form EIA-914 (Monthly Natural Gas Production Report) for Federal Offshore Gulf of Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming, Other States and Lower 48 States. Alaska data are from the State of Alaska and included to obtain a U.S. Total.

Electric Power Monthly (02/29/2012)
The latest Electric Power Monthly (EPM) is now available. The data in the current issue are for December 2011, during which net generation in the United States was down 7.1 percent. Retail sales of electricity were down 6.1 percent. The average U.S. retail price of electricity were up 1.3 percent.

Electricity Monthly Update (02/29/2012)
The data in the current issue are for December 2011 with a feature article on the changing roles of natural gas combined cycle plants in Ohio. Highlights include: Warm temperatures across the Eastern half of the continental U.S. led to lower retail sales of electricity during December 2011. Coal-fired generation decreased in every region of the United States when compared to December 2010.

Natural Gas Monthly (02/29/2012)
The February 2012 Natural Gas Monthly, featuring data through December 2011, has been released. Spurred by shale drilling and resulting lower price levels, the preliminary year-end data for 2011 indicate that both natural gas production and consumption levels were at record-levels, with gross production at 28.6 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) and total consumption at 24.4 Tcf, an increase 6.5 and 2.5 percent above 2010 levels, respectively. Additionally, this issue of the Natural Gas Monthly features State-level gas consumption and prices used for electricity generation through December 2011 (the State-level data formerly lagged 30 days behind the other gas consumption series).

Company Level Imports (02/29/2012)
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

Petroleum Supply Monthly (02/29/2012)
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements and inventories.

Changes to Table 26. "Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State":
Current State-level data are now included in Table 26, in addition to current U.S. and PAD District sums. State offshore production for Louisiana, Texas, Alaska, and California, which are included in the State totals, are no longer reported separately in a "State Offshore Production" category. Previously, State-level values lagged 2 months behind the U.S. and PAD District values. Beginning with this publication, they will be on the same cycle. Also included in this publication are two additional pages for Table 26 that provide October and November data. With the release of the next Petroleum Supply Monthly and subsequent issues, revised State-level data from previous months will be reported in the Petroleum Navigator. State data will be revised monthly.

EIA projects U.S. non-hydro renewable power generation increases, led by wind and biomass (02/28/2012)
Wind and biomass dominate projected increases in U.S. renewable electricity generation, excluding hydropower, in EIA's Annual Energy Outlook Early Release Reference case. Increased generation from non-hydro renewable energy resources in the electric power sector accounts for 33 percent of the overall growth in electricity generation from 2010 to 2035. The non-hydro renewable share of generation in the projection increases from 4% in 2010 to 9% in 2035.

Brazil Country Analysis Brief (02/28/2012)
Brazil is emerging as a major energy producer. Oil and gas production is expected to expand greatly in the coming decades, as the country develops its offshore pre-salt oil deposits. Brazil is also a major producer of renewable fuels. Eighty-five percent of Brazilian power comes from hydroelectricity and the country is the world's second largest producer of biofuels behind the United States.

Equatorial Guinea Country Analysis Brief (02/28/2012)
Equatorial Guinea is a net exporter of oil and natural gas. Natural gas production has expanded rapidly in the last five years, driven by new investments in the Alba field, which is the origin of nearly all gas production. The country's oil output has declined steadily for the last few years, but new production from the offshore Aseng field will reverse this trend in 2012.

Monthly Energy Review (02/27/2012)
EIA's most comprehensive report on recent integrated energy statistics. Preliminary data indicate that in November 2011, U.S. coal production totaled 1.9 quadrillion Btu, which represented 28 percent of U.S. total primary energy production.

Eastern U.S. coal futures prices down in early 2012 (02/27/2012)
The near-month futures price for Central Appalachian coal, which is the main source of bituminous coal in the eastern U.S., is down sharply so far in 2012, as coal demand by utilities declines due to a warm winter and low natural gas prices. Cumulative population-weighted heating degree days (HDDs from November 2011 through January 2012) are down 12% nationally from the long-term average for those months.

Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets (02/27/2012)
Potential Impacts of Reductions in Refinery Activity on Northeast Petroleum Product Markets is an update to a previous EIA report, Reductions in Northeast Refining Activity: Potential Implications for Petroleum Product Markets, released in December 2011. This update analyzes possible market responses and impacts in the event Sunoco's Philadelphia refinery closes this summer, in addition to the recently idled refineries on the East Coast and in the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Asia is the world's largest petroleum consumer (02/24/2012)
Asia surpassed North America as the largest petroleum—consuming region in 2008. Asian demand surged nearly 15 million barrels per day from 1980 to 2010, an increase of 146%. North America's petroleum consumption increased 16% between 1980 and 2010. Global petroleum consumption increased 36%, nearly 23 million barrels per day, during the period.

Negative prices in wholesale electricity markets indicate supply inflexibilities (02/23/2012)
Wholesale electricity markets sometimes result in prices below zero. That is, sellers pay buyers to take the power. This situation arises because certain types of generators, such as nuclear, hydroelectric, and wind, cannot or prefer not to reduce output for short periods of time when demand is insufficient to absorb their output. Sometimes buyers can be induced to take the power when they are paid to do so.

Wholesale Market Data (02/23/2012)
This site contains spreadsheets with wholesale electricity price data from ICE (IntercontinentalExchange) through February 17, 2012 (latest website update: February 23, 2012). The files contain peak prices, volumes, and the number of transactions at five electricity trading hubs covering most regions of the United States.


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