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Complete set of State-level estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures through 2008



The State Energy Data System (SEDS) provides a complete set of annual State-level estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures by sector and energy source through 2008.  Production and consumption estimates are available in physical units and British thermal units (Btu) from 1960 through 2008.  Price and expenditure estimates, in dollars per million Btu and millions of dollars, respectively, are available from 1970 through 2008.  Data highlights include the following:

·         In 2008, U.S. total energy consumption was 99 quadrillion Btu, a 2-percent decrease from 2007; U.S. energy production totaled 73 quadrillion Btu, a 2.5-percent increase from 2007.  Net imports and changes in stocks accounted for the 26-quadrillion Btu difference.

·         Texas was the top energy-consuming State, using 12 quadrillion Btu in 2008, followed by California (8 quadrillion Btu) and Florida (4 quadrillion Btu).  The top energy-producing States were Texas (12 quadrillion Btu), Wyoming (11 quadrillion Btu), and Louisiana (6 quadrillion Btu).

·         Of the 99 quadrillion Btu of energy consumed by the United States in 2008, 83 quadrillion Btu was fossil fuels, 8.4 quadrillion Btu was nuclear electric power, and 7.4 quadrillion Btu was from renewable sources.

·         Texas and California were the top two energy-consuming States in three of the four end-use sectors - the residential, consumption, and transportation sectors. In the industrial sector, Texas ranked first, Louisiana ranked second, and California ranked third.

·         Total energy consumption per capita ranged from a low of 205 million Btu per person in New York to a high of 1,016 million Btu per person in Wyoming.

·         Total energy consumption expenditures in 2008 were estimated to be $1,412 billion, an amount equivalent to almost 10 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product.

·         Texas produced more natural gas and crude oil than any other State (8.2 quadrillion Btu and 2.6 quadrillion Btu, respectively).  Wyoming produced the most coal (8.1 quadrillion Btu in 2008); Illinois generated the most nuclear electric power (1.0 quadrillion Btu); Iowa produced the most fuel ethanol (0.3 quadrillion Btu); and Washington produced the most renewable energy, mainly for power generation (0.9 quadrillion Btu).

Because of slight differences in coverage, the use of State thermal conversion factors, and the timing of processing, the estimates for the sum of the States may not match the national estimates published in EIA's forthcoming Annual Energy Review 2009.
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