Begich Bills Would Ensure Payment for Alaska Native Contracts
Begich: Feds Must Honor Tribal Contracts
U.S. Senator Mark Begich today introduced two bills to ensure Alaska Native and Native American tribes that administer health care and other services through tribal hospitals, clinics, and other facilities are paid promptly and in-full for the services they deliver.
“The federal government should honor the costs of all contractual obligations regardless of whether or not the contractor is a tribal organization,” said Begich. “Refusing to pay these contracts in full and in a timely manner is a slap in the face to all the tribal organizations who are on the ground, doing the work, and making sure their people get the quality care and services they need. And we shouldn’t be robbing Peter to pay Paul by raiding discretionary funds.”
“Contract support costs” are a critical component to tribal self-determination contracting because they fund the overhead costs such as legal fees, insurance, and accounting fees that are necessary to effectively manage IHS and BIA programs and services. The Begich bills would help ensure contract support costs are paid in full, on time, and not at the expense of other critical Indian Health Service (IHS) and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) programs.
The Self-Determination Commitment to Tribes Act would prevent contract support costs from being funded at the expense of direct programs and services in the annual budgeting process. It would amend Section 1305 of title 31 USC, the ”Miscellaneous Permanent Appropriations” section, by adding “Indian Self-Determination Contract Support Costs.” This language change would, in effect, make payments mandatory as opposed to discretionary.
The Self-Determination Contract Reporting Commitment to Tribes Act would require the IHS and BIA to submit contract support cost shortfall reports to Congress in a timely fashion and require that the shortfall reports be made available to the public. These reports would be used to accurately assess damage claims arising from contract underpayments to ensure a quicker payment process and help to resolve past underpayments to tribes in Alaska and nationally.
The bills were welcomed by tribal organizations that manage IHS and BIA health care services in Alaska and across the nation.
“The successful tribal management of programs and services previously administered by the federal government has led to safer communities and improved health outcomes for our people,” said Alaska Native Health Board Chairman, Lincoln Bean, Sr. “This policy of self-governance and self-determination represented a turning point for American Indian and Alaska Native people, but I fear that until the legislation introduced by Senator Begich is passed into law, the untenable situation of funding shortfalls will continue, pitting tribe against tribe while eroding the sovereignty and self-governing ability of us all.”
Since the passage of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act in 1975, tribes have had the option of using federal funding to run their own education, public safety, and health care programs. Since that time, tribal management of health care services have resulted in better delivery of care and have improved health outcomes for Alaska Natives and American Indians.
The U.S. Supreme Court recognized the necessity of tribal contract support costs in the Ramah decision in 2012, ruling that contract support costs are a binding legal obligation that must be paid in full as with any other federal contract. However, because the IHS and BIA are funded by an annual discretionary appropriation, this binding obligation ultimately undercuts funding for the same programs and services it is meant to support. This leads to a reduction in vital programs and services for tribes and tribal organizations across the country.
Since being elect, Senator Begich has been one of the most outspoken members of Congress on this issue. He has been encouraged by the progress that has been made in the recent year, including full funding for CSC in 2014 and several historic claims settled with Alaska Native tribal health providers as an outcome of his leadership to solve the historical CSC underpayments to tribes.