Air France-KLM: an ambitious three year plan to restore profitability
At its meeting on 11 January 2012, the Board of Directors of Air France-KLM examined the transformation
plan over three years (2012-2014) for the Group, and the implementation of the three priorities set out on
9th November last year: restoring competitiveness through cost-cutting, restructuring the short- and
medium-haul operations and rapidly reducing debt.
Downward revision of capacity growth and investments
The Board of Directors first examined the Group’s growth prospects for the next three years. Given the
uncertain economic environment and the ongoing imbalance between transport supply and demand, the
Board deemed it necessary to opt for quasi stable capacity for the Air France-KLM Group in both
passenger and cargo. Consequently, over the next three years (2012-2014), the Group will only increase
capacity by a little over 5% on a cumulative basis1.
This will lead to a shrinkage of the Group’s fleet with an attendant reduction in the investment program,
with the exception of spending targeted at the ongoing improvement in operational safety and client
service. The investment program will be reduced from over 6 billion euros over the period 2009-2011 to
below 5 billion euros2 for the coming three years. This decision has led the Group to adjust its mediumterm
fleet plan combining, amongst others, the deferral of aircraft deliveries and the non-exercise of
Two billion euros debt reduction by end December 2014
The Board of Directors also considered as a key priority the reduction of the Group’s net debt by two
billion euros to some 4.5 billion euros by end December 2014. Over the period 2012-2014, two billion
euros in net cash flow will be generated through a combination of immediate actions and a transformation
Immediate cost reduction measures
New cost cutting measures amounting to some one billion euros will be implemented immediately. They
include a freeze on general pay rises in 2012 and 2013 at Air France and a policy of wage moderation at
KLM. The hiring freeze introduced in September 2011 will also be pursued. Additional productivity
measures, a further reduction in overhead costs and network adaptations will complete the measures.
These measures, the components of which have already been fully identified, will be implemented with
immediate effect, in compliance with regulations concerning the information or consultation of the Group’s
These improvements on their own, however, are not sufficient to guarantee the durable restoration of the
Group’s competitive position and financial strength. The Board of Directors therefore decided to
implement a transformation plan, encompassing all its businesses, with a target of generating an
additional one billion euros in free cash flow over three years.
1 excluding the impact of the Provincial Bases
2 before sale and lease back agreements
The return to a satisfactory level of profitability will require a significant improvement in productivity in all
parts of the Group, which will imply the renegotiation of the employment rules contained in the existing
collective agreements. Negotiations with the organisations representing the various categories of
employees concerned will begin rapidly.
Although the passenger business will be the primary focus with the restructuring of the short- and
medium-haul operations, cargo and maintenance will also have to redefine their conditions for profitability.
Break-even of medium-haul within three years
The short and medium-haul network remains indispensable to the Group’s development, assuring not
only its presence throughout Europe, but also feeding the long-haul operations of the two hubs, Paris-
CDG and Amsterdam.
Since the financial crisis of 2008-2009, the structural decline in unit revenues has led, despite the NEO
plan, to deepening losses in this business, estimated at some 700 million euros in 2011. As the financial
results of recent quarters demonstrate, the long-haul operations, also subject to increasing competition,
cannot alone offset these losses.
To restore the medium-haul business to breakeven, the Group is working on the following structural
- better utilization rate of aircraft and assets;
- significantly improved productivity in all employee categories;
- redefinition of certain activities, potentially leading to more extensive outsourcing in some areas.
The Board of Directors considers this progress report has enabled the definition of ambitious but realistic
objectives for the three year transformation plan. The implementation of these measures will contribute to
reinforcing the Group’s financial position and preserving the current level of liquidity. It will be the subject
of regular updates in order to measure its progress.