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Regional and State Employment and Unemployment Summary

Regional and state unemployment rates were little changed in July. Eigh-
teen states and the District of Columbia recorded unemployment rate de-
creases, 14 states registered rate increases, and 18 states had no change,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-seven states
and the District of Columbia reported unemployment rate decreases from a
year earlier, 20 states posted increases, and 3 states had no change. The
national jobless rate was unchanged in July at 9.5 percent and little dif-
ferent from a year earlier (9.4 percent).

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 states and the Dis-
trict of Columbia and decreased in 13 states. The largest over-the-month
increases in employment occurred in Michigan (+27,800), the District of
Columbia (+17,800), Massachusetts (+13,200), New York (+10,500), and Min-
nesota (+9,800). The District of Columbia recorded the largest over-the-
month percentage increase in employment (+2.5 percent), followed by Hawaii
and Maine (+0.9 percent each), Michigan (+0.7 percent), and Oklahoma
(+0.5 percent). The largest over-the-month employment decreases were in
North Carolina (-29,800), New Jersey (-21,200), Illinois (-20,200), Cali-
fornia (-9,400), and Kentucky (-8,000). The largest over-the-month percent-
age decreases in employment occurred in New Hampshire and North Carolina
(-0.8 percent each), Mississippi and New Jersey (-0.5 percent each), and
Illinois and Kentucky (-0.4 percent each). Over the year, nonfarm payroll
employment increased in 30 states and the District of Columbia, decreased
in 19 states, and was unchanged in 1 state. The largest over-the-year per-
centage increase in employment was reported in the District of Columbia
(+3.0 percent), followed by Alaska (+1.9 percent), Indiana and North Dakota
(+1.7 percent each), New Hampshire (+1.4 percent), and Texas (+1.3 percent).
The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in
Nevada (-1.8 percent), followed by Mississippi and New Mexico (-1.3 per-
cent each), Rhode Island (-1.2 percent), Colorado (-1.1 percent), and
Georgia (-1.0 percent).

Regional Unemployment (Seasonally Adjusted)

The West reported the highest regional unemployment rate in July, 10.8
percent, while the Northeast recorded the lowest rate, 8.8 percent. No
region experienced a statistically significant over-the-month unemploy-
ment rate change. The Midwest was the only region to register a signif-
icant rate change from a year earlier (-0.6 percentage point).
(See table 1.)

Among the nine geographic divisions, the Pacific continued to report the
highest jobless rate, 11.5 percent in July. The West North Central regis-
tered the lowest rate, 7.0 percent, followed by the West South Central, at
7.9 percent. The East South Central was the only division to experience a
statistically significant unemployment rate change from a month earlier
(-0.4 percentage point), and the West North Central was the only division
to post a significant over-the-year jobless rate change (-0.6 point).

State Unemployment (Seasonally Adjusted)

Nevada again reported the highest unemployment rate among the states, 14.3
percent in July. The rate in Nevada also set a new series high. (All re-
gion, division, and state series begin in 1976.) The states with the next
highest rates were Michigan, 13.1 percent, and California, 12.3 percent.
North Dakota continued to register the lowest jobless rate, 3.6 percent,
followed by South Dakota and Nebraska, 4.4 and 4.7 percent, respectively.
In total, 25 states posted jobless rates significantly lower than the U.S.
figure of 9.5 percent, 7 states had measurably higher rates, and 18 states
and the District of Columbia had rates that were not appreciably different
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 3 and chart 1.)

In July, four states recorded statistically significant unemployment rate
decreases from June, the largest of which was in Alabama (-0.6 percentage
point). Nebraska, North Carolina, and Tennessee also posted measurable rate
decreases (-0.2 percentage point each). The remaining 46 states and the Dis-
trict of Columbia registered jobless rates that were not measurably different
from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as
large numerically as the significant changes.

Nevada recorded the largest jobless rate increase from July 2009 (+2.0 per-
centage points). Three additional states had smaller, but also statistically
significant, increases: Montana and Pennsylvania (+1.0 percentage point each)
and Florida (+0.7 point). Eight states reported significant over-the-year rate
decreases in July, the largest of which was in Minnesota (-1.5 percentage
points). The remaining 38 states and the District of Columbia registered unem-
ployment rates that were not appreciably different from those of a year ear-
lier. (See table B.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment (Seasonally Adjusted)

Between June and July 2010, 13 states and the District of Columbia recorded
statistically significant changes in employment. The largest over-the-month
statistically significant job gains occurred in Michigan (+27,800), the Dis-
trict of Columbia (+17,800), and Massachusetts (+13,200). The largest over-
the-month statistically significant job losses occurred in North Carolina
(-29,800), New Jersey (-21,200), and Illinois (-20,200). (See tables C and 3.)


Over the year, five states and the District of Columbia reported statistically
significant employment increases, while four states experienced statistically
significant declines in employment. The largest statistically significant over-
the-year employment increases were posted in Texas (+134,600), Indiana (+47,600),
Massachusetts (+36,600), and the District of Columbia (+21,300). Two states re-
corded statistically significant over-the-year increases in employment that were
less than 15,000: New Hampshire (+8,700) and North Dakota (+6,200). The four sta-
tistically significant job losses occurred in California (-103,900), New York
(-51,400), Georgia (-39,100), and New Jersey (-34,000). (See table D.)

____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 1, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for August
is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 21, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly differ-
ent from that of the U.S., July 2010, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
State | Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................| 9.5
|
Alaska ..............................| 7.7
Arkansas ............................| 7.4
California ..........................| 12.3
Colorado ............................| 8.0
Delaware ............................| 8.4
Florida .............................| 11.5
Hawaii ..............................| 6.3
Iowa ................................| 6.8
Kansas ..............................| 6.5
Louisiana ...........................| 7.2
|
Maine ...............................| 8.1
Maryland ............................| 7.1
Michigan ............................| 13.1
Minnesota ...........................| 6.8
Montana .............................| 7.3
Nebraska ............................| 4.7
Nevada ..............................| 14.3
New Hampshire .......................| 5.8
New Mexico ..........................| 8.2
New York ............................| 8.2
|
North Dakota ........................| 3.6
Oklahoma ............................| 6.9
Oregon ..............................| 10.6
Rhode Island ........................| 11.9
South Carolina ......................| 10.8
South Dakota ........................| 4.4
Texas ...............................| 8.2
Utah ................................| 7.2
Vermont .............................| 6.0
Virginia ............................| 7.0
Wisconsin ...........................| 7.8
Wyoming .............................| 6.7
--------------------------------------------------------------
1 Data are not preliminary.
p = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from July 2009 to July 2010, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Rate |
|-----------|-----------| Over-the-year
State | July | July | rate change(p)
| 2009 | 2010(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Florida ........................| 10.8 | 11.5 | 0.7
Kansas .........................| 7.2 | 6.5 | -.7
Minnesota ......................| 8.3 | 6.8 | -1.5
Montana ........................| 6.3 | 7.3 | 1.0
Nevada .........................| 12.3 | 14.3 | 2.0
New Hampshire ..................| 6.6 | 5.8 | -.8
North Carolina .................| 11.0 | 9.8 | -1.2
North Dakota ...................| 4.4 | 3.6 | -.8
Pennsylvania ...................| 8.3 | 9.3 | 1.0
Tennessee ......................| 10.9 | 9.8 | -1.1
Vermont ........................| 7.1 | 6.0 | -1.1
Wisconsin ......................| 8.9 | 7.8 | -1.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
p = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant employment changes from
June 2010 to July 2010, seasonally adjusted

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| June | July | Over-the-month
State | 2010 | 2010(p) | change(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
District of Columbia..........| 711,500 | 729,300 | 17,800
Hawaii........................| 589,300 | 594,400 | 5,100
Illinois......................| 5,621,900 | 5,601,700 | -20,200
Kansas........................| 1,331,000 | 1,335,900 | 4,900
Kentucky......................| 1,780,400 | 1,772,400 | -8,000
Maine.........................| 588,400 | 593,900 | 5,500
Massachusetts.................| 3,184,600 | 3,197,800 | 13,200
Michigan......................| 3,848,200 | 3,876,000 | 27,800
Minnesota.....................| 2,651,300 | 2,661,100 | 9,800
Mississippi...................| 1,085,200 | 1,080,300 | -4,900
| | |
New Hampshire.................| 631,800 | 626,900 | -4,900
New Jersey....................| 3,863,100 | 3,841,900 | -21,200
North Carolina................| 3,925,100 | 3,895,300 | -29,800
Oklahoma......................| 1,536,800 | 1,543,800 | 7,000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
p = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2009 to July 2010, seasonally adjusted

--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| July | July | Over-the-year
State | 2009 | 2010(p) | change(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
California....................| 13,978,800 | 13,874,900 | -103,900
District of Columbia..........| 708,000 | 729,300 | 21,300
Georgia.......................| 3,865,200 | 3,826,100 | -39,100
Indiana.......................| 2,766,600 | 2,814,200 | 47,600
Massachusetts.................| 3,161,200 | 3,197,800 | 36,600
New Hampshire.................| 618,200 | 626,900 | 8,700
New Jersey....................| 3,875,900 | 3,841,900 | -34,000
New York......................| 8,581,100 | 8,529,700 | -51,400
North Dakota..................| 367,300 | 373,500 | 6,200
Texas.........................| 10,265,800 | 10,400,400 | 134,600
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
p = preliminary.


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